Погода в Петропавловске-Камчатском
Общая информация о Камчатке

Общая информация о Камчатке

Kamchatka is a distant and fairy region!

Kamchatka is a unique nature territory all around the world. The climate, geographical position and recreational resources of Kamchatka Region allow to receive tourists all year round. Thermal and mineral springs, volcanoes and glaciers, the famous Valley of Geysers, diverse and natural flora and fauna. All these facts give huge opportunities for the development of ecological tourism, sport fishing and hunting, mountain skiing, mountain tourism and alpinism, diving, travelling and snowmobile racing, sled dog racing, organization of cruises and charter flights.

There are 3 state reserves, 19 state wildlife sanctuaries, 169 unique natural objects, 5 natural parks in Kamchatka Region. 18 % of Kamchatka Region territory belong to the landscape protected area. 6 protected natural parks are included to the list of World Cultural and Nature Heritage of UNESCO. These 6 parks are united under the title "Kamchatka Volcanoes".

The main specialization of tourist-recreational complex of Kamchatka is ecological, sport, sea-voyage, fishing, therapeutic and ethno-cultural tourism. The special emphasis is put on the development of the sphere of active rest, such as mountain skiing, expedition and extreme tourism.
The touristic activities, which are offered by Kamchatka travel agencies, are diverse: from stationary recreation with rich excursion program to exclusive tours, which are represented with hunting and fishing program, horse-riding and ornithological tours, sea-voyages around the Avacha Bay and diving. The touristic routes are prepared according to their intelligent value. There are such touristic possibilities of Kamchatka:

The region is rich in water resources, here you can find about 1400 rivers and streams, 100000 big and small lakes, 414 glaciers with the area of 871,1 sq km. There are 30 active volcanoes and 150 extinct volcanoes, 274 mineral springs, 160 of them are hot, 37 species of wild animals, all species of Pacific salmon in Kamchatka.   

Kamchatka is a perfect place for fishermen and hunters. Rainbow trout, all species of salmon (some fish can be of 15-40 kg) can be caught with a spinning and a fly rod.

The most desirable catch for hunters, of course, is a brown bear, the biggest one in Eurasia. A bighorn sheep, an elk, a lynx, a wood-grouse, a goose and a partridge are the most prestigious trophies. In Kamchatka you can find all mineral healing and table waters, which are known all over the world.   

Nowadays the touristic infrastructure in Kamchatka Region tends to develop. In such picturesque places as the Valley of Geysers, Nalychevo Nature Park, Kurilskoye Lake, Khodutkinskiye, Tumrokskiye, Malkinskiye hot springs, the areas of the Zhupanova and Opala rivers, in the territory of hunting areas and sport fishing areas, touristic camping bases with the whole complex of service were built; touristic camps, hunting encampments and houses have been well-equipped.

Kamchatka is waiting for you!



Kamchatka History

Kamchatka was discovered by Russian Cossacks over than 300 years ago. The first facts about Kamchatka were mentioned in the middle of 17th century, when the first expedition of Semen Dezhnyov put ashore Kamchatka land. The sailors of this expedition were the first European men, which spent a winter on the peninsula. After 50 years, in 1697, Vladimir Atlasov, a counterman, with his squad of 120 people started his expedition in order to "find new lands" and later he founded Verkhnekamchatsk. Atlasov realized a great historical mission, he joined Kamchatka to the Russian State.

In the beginning of 18th century Russia became a naval power, the Pacific Ocean and the Arctic Ocean were not so much studied. With the aim to define the north-east borders of the State, to find new lands, to develop trading relations with oriental countries, Peter the Great issued an edict to organize the First Kamchatka Expedition in December, 1724, which had to study the waters of the Pacific Ocean and to confirm the existence of the a strait between Asia and America. The head of the Expedition became Vitus Bering. The First Kamchatka Expedition started to the shores of the Pacific Ocean in the beginning of 1725. Having overcome difficulties and hardships on their way from the Neva river to Kamchatka, the participants of the Expedition finally reached Nizhne-Kamchatsky burg in 1728. But only the Second Expedition preceded by Vitus Bering and Alexey Chirikov on the packet-boats "St. Peter" and "St. Paul" entered the Avacha Bay on the 6th of October (the 17th of October) 1740. This Bay was named in honour of these two ships "Petropavlovskaya Harbor".

Stephan Krasheninnikov, who took part in the Expedition, studied the peninsula during the following 4 years. He settled in Bolsheretsk and organized several expeditions around the region, which lasted 5-7 months. He crossed the peninsula a lot of times in different directions, getting known with the history and geography of the region. Later Krasheninnikov wrote a scientific work "The Description of Kamchatka Land", which is actual even nowadays. This book was read by Pushkin, and the book impressed him greatly. Aleksandr Pushkin wrote detailed "Notes on "The Description of Kamchatka Land" by S.P. Krasheninnikov, it was the last and unfinished work of the poet. In 19th century a lot of seamen, travelers and explorers visited the peninsula, they are: seamen Kruzenshtern, Golovnin, Litke, Kotsebu, geologists and geographers Ehrman, Ditmar, Bogdanovich, historians Sgibnev, Margaritov, Komarov etc.

The beginning of administrative and territory transformation of Kamchatka Region started in the first half of the 18th century. In 1708-1710 Peter the Great carried out a provincial reform.
According to the Issue from 18.12.1708, 8 provinces were created, each of them included existed counties. The whole North-East of Asia with Kamchatka were the parts of Yakutsky County, which was the part of Siberia Province. Kamchatka had changed its status several times until in 2007 Kamchatka Region was created, which united Koryaksky Autonomous Okrug and Kamchatka Oblast.   

Исходный текст